New wars, dislocation and securitisation

, by  DRÉANO Bernard

New wars of dislocation (disruption) ? They are different from the "old" wars between Nation-States. They take place within countries or certain regions. They do not directly oppose States, but rather involve a multiplicity of actors, armies, various militias, as well as external armed forces.

These new wars are born from societal crises. Far from being the result of competition between countries, they come from the failure of the national governments and public authorities, that is their inability to cope with social decomposition. Once these crises give rise to armed conflict, major powers, regional powers, and neighbouring countries systematically intervene.

Securitisation is the politically driven transformation of societal problems into security issues: governments define certain political or social problems as "threats" (for example migrants), and therefore deploy special means (military, legal, political, ideological ...) that restrict and destroy fundamental rights. In practice, these increasingly security oriented public policies mean less security for citizens.

In this context, a “military-security complex” is developing around corporations active in both the military and civilian sectors, serving both external military interventions and internal control policies. "Securocratic" operations are led by large or small powers. Insecure security leads to an increase in arms spending and more generally security spending, for the benefit of this "complex".



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